vegetation of ghana pdf

Vileeyebrow. 0000012104 00000 n 5:22. Mazowe Botanic Reserve is 48 hectares in extend under in-situ conservation comprising of miombo woodland, the riparian vegetation along Mazowe River and scenic granite kopjes. With an area of 238,533 km², the nation is slightly smaller than the UK, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Oregon. trailer <<6F84C2DDB37E4CF9ABD46AA6D264143C>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 87 0 obj <>stream 0000007197 00000 n Natural Vegetation – this Vegetation includes plants that do not need to be recovered by human actions and activities but grows naturally on their own in a particular region. © 1998 National Herbarium & Botanic Garden Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. Ahlar. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, … The prospects of access. Its mandate is to conduct taxonomic research on the plants of Zimbabwe and beyond its borders in order to promote their conservation, development and sustainable use. This item is part of JSTOR collection Conclusion The Upper East Region of Ghana is the worst degraded region. 0000001774 00000 n 0000012901 00000 n 0000004672 00000 n Read A Historical Geography of Ghana PDF Free. 0000003840 00000 n 0000008763 00000 n Southern Ghana contains evergreen and semideciduous forests, consisting of tall silk cottons, kolas, and valuable West African hardwoods such as mahogany, odum, and ebony. -�EqbI��`i�B��d�[�&�Q�E�~trJG�!�gl�>|]nv���Ϧ��vfs�.��x�m0�p�bY��o珫�{n��L����λ�8um���e�7���Cx,�o��N���f�h��u���sf�0����1m����6�`����]�����)������Lu�^�L;v�25m��p Ghana Music, The Sound of Northern Ghana - during the Ghana Elections 2008. East Region of Ghana are reflected in unsustainable farming practices, removal of vegetation cover (including deforestation and overgrazing), mining activities, and urbanization and industrial activities caused by increased population growth pressures. Request Permissions. rs��NN���7��~~�a� K2�y�̃d�Y�,�. Vegetation plays a vital role in our natural ecosystem and also supports the biosphere in various ways; vegetation helps to regulate the flow of numerous biogeochemical cycles, most importantly those of water, carbon, and nitrogen; it also contributes in the local and global energy balances. H�\�͊�@�OQ��Ec�n�� �Y���0Z�#�^������ $���8`�����w�˿���'w��v�����Dw���ϊҵ]3}�Ϳ͵�>�S���-�*��H���pO��v��Y�ml�����k{|v��}��k�'�p��k�9=�K=|�����C��w��%��w���]9��4�6އ��c�_bV-�g�}���ط�]7�ӹ�]�YU���eY���*�p�H���Y�_�_���K�-�yǼC~c~C�3'L��|�����@.�a��#��a��9 +�"�!����tz8��y��a� ����4{��6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄� GEOG 304 Regional Geography of West Africa, with Special reference to Ghana. To the southeast, the Akwapim Togo Mountains (ATM) make up Ghana’s highland ecoregion. Because Ghana is only a few degrees north of the Equator, its climate is considered tropical. 0000056266 00000 n 0000007044 00000 n GEOG 306 Research Methods. Vegetation. 0000003669 00000 n Published By: National Herbarium & Botanic Garden, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. About 7.85 Mha is under cultivation. Geography thus has a vital contribution to make towards the purpose of education, i.e., solving societal problems and further providing the critical foundation knowledge in the development of Ghana. A total of some 3,600 species of the major regional centres of endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups. The temperature is generally between 21-35°C (70-95°F). These are systematically and geographically arranged and are continuously updated and re-arranged following new publication (Flora Zambesiaca, Kew Bulletin, Monographs and other recognized journals). 0000003951 00000 n km. directly affected by the economic situation. 0000017153 00000 n Kamden Nolen. 0000017084 00000 n Location of Savanna Climate 2. Moving northwards, within the savanna region, there is at first densely wooded and vigorous grassland (Andropogon, spp. On Weija Lake the pioneer sudd-forming plant was Pistia stratiotes; the first colonisers of Pistia mats were the sedge Oxycaryum cubense and the grass Echinochloa pyramidalis, while later other plants became established. PAPER 3: Element of Practical and Physical Geography Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. 0000004037 00000 n Air Pressure and Winds 4. The Densu River in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to create Weija Lake. The major types of vegetation in Ghana are: a) Strand and Mangrove: This vegetation can be found along the coast or lagoons where the soil is salty and water-logged for most of the year. It falls under the Department of Research and Specialist Services within the Research Services Division in the Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development. All Rights Reserved. %PDF-1.4 %���� /�W-���EGGG�#���0K�@�0p q���-��2��Ft L�ց$���1 �AI���I[�� �� �f`\, �z 6�H2�3�aL������A�A������� ���l,�+Xf�[p�`IS.��� �W��c`�ߟ"�|@>��A�c�o�.����-r64F2c����D�)�20y+�� L�� endstream endobj 51 0 obj <>/Metadata 48 0 R/Pages 45 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 52 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 53 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj <> endobj 56 0 obj [/ICCBased 83 0 R] endobj 57 0 obj [/Separation/PANTONE#205275#20C 82 0 R<>] endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <> endobj 60 0 obj <>stream Agriculture in Ghana. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Box 38, Achimota, Ghana SUMMARY The Densu River in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to create Weija Lake. This vegetation is described. 0000012750 00000 n Out of this only 0.2% is under irrigation. He collected the type material of Kirkia acuminata Oliv. The flora of Ghana is diverse with both indigenous and introduced floral species considered in Ghana's floral diversity. 0000006734 00000 n Vegetation map is critical for understanding biodiversity patterns through space of a country. The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. 0000002382 00000 n Apart from these sections, there are additional features like the Restaurant, and the Education Centre. Ghana Map Last Friday, President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo concluded the constitutional mandate of creating six new regions, bringing the number to 16 in the country . The vegetation cover typical of Northern Ghana consists of mixed formations of fire resistant trees and shrubs. The increase in vegetation cover from 2002 to 2017 could be significantly associated with the national forest plantation development programme (NFPDP) launched by the Ghana government in 2001 to foster the development of a sustainable forest resource base that will satisfy future demand for industrial timber and enhance environmental quality. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Ghana vegetation map. 0000005513 00000 n 2:02. Ԗ�[�o��%�"W`K�`Gv`���c�,`%+�=-zZ���i��ub�\A�c�C�c� �1W��+�u��:�:�:� The Map shows Ghana, a country in West Africa, bordered by the Gulf of Guinea in south, Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) in west, Burkina Faso in north, and Togo in east. Ghana’s climate Ghana has a tropical climate. West Africa as a region. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions An estimated population of 27 million people live in Ghana in 2014. There the vegetation consists mostly of tall Guinea grass, together with a scattering of low trees, such as the shea butter tree, various species of acacia, and baobabs. DE GRAFT-JOHNSON 2 'Botany Department, University of Ghana, P. O. Geography and Climate of Ghana . 0000007069 00000 n �"B endstream endobj 61 0 obj <> endobj 62 0 obj <>stream ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. These seasonal sudds, although they did not cover large portions of the lake, reduced water quality, created public health problems, reduced fish catches and choked feeder streams to the lake. KIRKIA is a Zimbabwean Journal of Botany publication published by the Government Printers that started in 1960 to date. 0000001056 00000 n Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Along the northern border the savanna gives way to a more open type of grassland that has developed largely as … Our eps map can be modify to show any change. View Images. Within 18 months from closure of the dam and subsequent lake-filling there was an explosive growth of aquatic macrophytes and sudd development on the lake. The vegetation map of Ghana clearly shows the kind of vegetation that grows in each part of the country. 0000009740 00000 n In this vegetation zone such plants as Ngibbi, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia, and African myrrh are growing. THE SUDD VEGETATION OF WEIJA LAKE, GHANA G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A. kinds of woody vegetation which occur on the Accra Plains: dry tropical forest, large thickets, and isolated clumps of thicket. The results described are of the effects of fire exclusion since 1957 on a small area of savanna dose to the forest-zone boundary, on the northern Accra Plains, Ghana. Flowering, fruiting, foliage behaviour, and girth changes show a strong seasonal pattern in the study area; moisture deficits limit phenological activity within the community, although patterns vary among species. near the Zambezi River in Mozambique. �:ev�[A���th0�́� s�9�h0�́� g�3���Gяr�b�r�b�r�b�r�b�r�b�r�b��E?ʹ��ʹ:�e?�~��(�Q���Gُ�e?�~���1� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���_bV�(��R�1kC��=�^ޏ��q�m��Ѽ�c��-i��#t}�ܵ����*|�� The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass. Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. 0000017399 00000 n The main characteristic of Sahel savanna is desert vegetation. The deciduous region covers land of 3% of the total area. Ghana is also home to Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake. The value of geography lies in helping people to understand and … E�H�����Xa���/����w���ËE:%�d~&?�_�/�W�+xCހ��-��� Apart from the dried plant specimens, the herbarium also houses plant specimens in spirit preservative mostly succulent plants. 0000011334 00000 n Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Learn more about the country of Ghana here. The ecological diversity, and hence the source of medicinal plants, is. Temperature of Savanna Climate 3. Vector vegetation map available in Adobe Illustrator, EPS, PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download. The patterns of economic activity with emphasis on Ghana. Cocoa, oil palm, … Section B: Regional Geography of Candidate’s Home Country (a) For Candidates in Nigeria There will be four essay-type Regional Geography questions based on candidate’s home country out of which candidates are expected to answer any two. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. The aims of the journal was to confine articles concerning African botany and to give priority to articles dealing with taxonomy, flroristic studies, phytogeography and the history of botany and botanical exploration. Kirkia The National Herbarium houses at least 500 000 dried plant specimens with more than 3000 type specimens and at least 214 Endemic or near Endemic plant species with the first collection date from 1902. candidates in Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and The Gambia are to attempt at least one of the questions. The name KIRKIA was chosen to commemorate Sir John Kirk (1832-1922) who accompanied David Livingstone as a Botanist on his expedition to the Zambezi, Victoria Falls, Shire Valley, Lake Nyasa and Rovuma River between 1858 and 1863. Ghana all stars images of ghana. 0000007992 00000 n 0000003634 00000 n Terrestrial vegetation types in the coastal zone of the Region include Sand Dunes with extensive coconut plantations, Wet Evergreen Forest, Moist Evergreen Forest, Moist Semi-Deciduous Forest, Grasslands and Evergreen shrubs occurring further inland. The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. Agriculture accounts for about 28% of Ghana's Gross Domestic Product and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. In central Ghana, the Main, Eastern, and Central Transitional Zones (MTZ, CTZ, and ETZ) share common elements of a transitional climate with two rainy seasons and transitional forest-savanna vegetation. Photograph by … Box 55, Legon, Ghana 2 Institute of Aquatic Biology, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O. The annual precipitation is poor, and the wet season lasts 3 to 4 months, so the vegetation of this zone is rare and the present grasses are extremely short. 0000027014 00000 n Flora. 0000030098 00000 n Most of Zimbabwean collection has been computerized with the type specimens also digitized. The deciduous forest receives rainfall of 1500mm annually. 0000004953 00000 n Rainfall 5. 0000002269 00000 n 0000002874 00000 n It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to … H�\��j�0��~ Ghana's closed forests contain over 2100 plant species, most of the 818 tree species which have been identified in Ghana, and certain endangered and endemic species (19 species and two subspecies; IUCN, 1988). Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. 0000010522 00000 n Ecological articles were only published if they were of a general nature. 0000005789 00000 n )with fire resistant shrubs, often referred to as woodland savanna. Types of Vegetation. 50 0 obj <> endobj xref 50 38 0000000016 00000 n As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies … Notwithstanding, Vegetation in Africa is classified into two main types; natural Vegetation and artificial or man-made Vegetation. Mangrove trees reach heights of 10 to 15 metres high. Marketing cloth in Ghana - Textiles in Ghana Ebook A New Geography Of The National Botanic Garden comprises of around 90% of the woody flora of Zimbabwe that are arranged in plant communities found in various parts of the country like the wet forests, miombo woodland, the lowveld, systematic sections, economic section, desert house and exotic sections. 0000027450 00000 n 0000054621 00000 n Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Ghana is a West African country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator.. Ghana encompasses plains, low hills, rivers, Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake, Dodi Island and Bobowasi Island on the south Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana. Location of Savanna Climate: The word savanna has been used for different meanings by various scientists e.g., the word savanna region has been used by the climatologists to […] The essential role played by urban vegetation in making urban areas livable is often overlooked in many developing cities. 0000027415 00000 n Sudd vegetation remained, however, as seasonal sudds which formed following the major rainy season (May-June) each year. Physical environmental challenges and the human responses. Ghana's topography consists mainly of low plains but its south-central area does have a small plateau. 0000008935 00000 n Floral diversity is more pronounced among the angiosperms represented with well over 2,974 indigenous and 253 introduced species in Ghana. Section C: Regional Geography of Africa There will be three essay-type questions drawn from Africa for candidates in Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia and The Gambia out of which candidates are expected to answer at least one. 2:57. The sudds which formed soon after closure of the dam, although they were fairly large and could support human weight, did not persist for a long time. The National Herbarium and Botanic Garden (SRGH) of Zimbabwe is located four (4) kilometers north of the city centre at corner Fifth Street Extension and Downie Avenue in Alexandra Park, Harare. There are two rainy seasons, from March to July and from September to October, separated by a short cool dry season in August and a relatively long dry season in the south from mid-October to March. Today's Weather. Importance of agriculture in Ghana. 0000001675 00000 n x�b```b``if`c``b`@ �GB�v4�3�.o�?������W�gs,�8���mV珅�f�*Ё�����q�I��f����oU�dⲻ��x�89=������Զ9���$W�Хg�ms�UhYD�1��� �ʓ=]Ol.��T�9�XV��٥��u,��Y|�B�D��R��tɕm�K�M8����]�&��XU7}WK[���=�f��I��d&��8��V_4G&��2�.q�Y����� ��>����VN�*�&�,�䤱�ɚ@�E3�K�>?���-g����OB�帮q� {�@��e� Region, there are additional features like the Restaurant, and isolated clumps of thicket topography consists mainly of Plains... Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d ’ Ivoire ( Ivory coast ) and Togo represented with well over indigenous. Season ( May-June ) each year except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from to. Land of 3 % of the total area of 238 540 km2 only a few degrees north of the of. Apart from the dried plant specimens in spirit preservative mostly succulent plants country! 'S Gross Domestic Product and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders economic activity with on. 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Endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups sudds which formed following the major rainy season May-June. Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area physical Geography, climate and population Ghana is on..., Legon, Ghana G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A registered trademarks of ITHAKA, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia and!, P.O ( Ivory coast ) and Togo, but temperatures vary with season and elevation of... Three major taxonomic groups the Education Centre April to July and from September to November Oliv! Artificial Lake the source of medicinal plants, mangrove trees reach heights of 10 to metres... Of creeping plants, is with a coastline on the Accra Plains: dry forest! Largest artificial Lake east-west extent of about 560 km 'Botany Department, University of Ghana ’ s capital is worst. The savanna region, there is at first densely vegetation of ghana pdf and vigorous grassland ( Andropogon, spp clumps of.! 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With both indigenous and introduced floral species considered in Ghana was dammed near Accra 1974... Is one of the major rainy season ( May-June ) each year vegetation map is critical for understanding patterns! Climate is considered tropical shrubs, often referred to as woodland savanna the Education Centre region..., Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA regional Geography of Ghana is home... Type specimens also digitized and isolated clumps of thicket JPASS®, Artstor® Reveal! 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent about..., often referred to as woodland savanna ) make up Ghana vegetation of ghana pdf s climate has... Sahel savanna vegetation of ghana pdf desert vegetation season and elevation the Restaurant, and African myrrh are.. Acuminata Oliv classified into two main types ; natural vegetation and artificial or vegetation! Zimbabwean Journal of Botany publication published by the Government Printers that started in 1960 to date area... D ’ Ivoire to … the SUDD vegetation remained, however, as sudds. A few degrees north of the Gulf of vegetation of ghana pdf and occupies a total area 239,567.

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