The form was once more common in Britain than now, such as south/Surrey-side and endures in British placenames like Cheapside, Tyneside, and Teesside, not all of which have an obvious watercourse or boundary. Hongkonger and foreign women and girls are forced into prostitution in brothels, homes, and businesses in the city. Mainland firms represent over half of the Hang Seng Index value, up from five per cent in 1997. Fifty per cent of China's trade goods were routed through Hong Kong in 1997, dropping to about 13 per cent by 2015. The Second World War was a dark period for Hong Kong.  The rest is from other imports, including nuclear energy generated on the mainland. Explore similarities and differences.  TVB, Hong Kong's dominant television network, has an 80 per cent viewer share. After reversal of the last colonial era Legislative Council democratic reforms following the handover, the regional government unsuccessfully attempted to enact national security legislation pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. , In 1839, the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium and ordered imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade. Post-handover administrations continued and expanded these programmes, including export-credit guarantees, a compulsory pension scheme, a minimum wage, anti-discrimination laws, and a state mortgage backer. Hong Kong is about 9,011 times smaller than Canada.. Canada is approximately 9,984,670 sq km, while Hong Kong is approximately 1,108 sq km, making Hong Kong 0.01% the size of Canada. The defenders retreated from the Gin Drinker's Line and consequently from Kowloon under heavy aerial bombardment and artillery barrage.  The territory has a diverse ecosystem; over 3,000 species of vascular plants occur in the region (300 of which are native to Hong Kong), and thousands of insect, avian, and marine species..  Its judicial system is based on common law, continuing the legal tradition established during British rule. 60 islands are dispersed around Hong Kong, the largest of which by area is Lantau Island, located Southwest of the main peninsula.Lantau Island and the majority of the remaining islands are part of the New Territories, an area that also encompasses the hilly terrain north of Kowloon. Following the First Opium War (1839–1842), Hong Kong Island was ceded to Britain in 1842 under the Treaty of Nanking and the territory became a Crown colony. It is separated from the mainland (Kowloon Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong Island is connected to the Kowloon Peninsula on the mainland by two road-only tunnels (the Cross-Harbour Tunnel and the Western Harbour Crossing), two MTR railway tunnels (Tsuen Wan line and Tung Chung line/Airport Express) and one combined road and MTR rail link tunnel (Eastern Harbour Tunnel, containing the Tseung Kwan O line and road traffic in separate parallel conduits).  The Central and Western District has an extensive system of escalators and moving pavements, including the Mid-Levels escalator (the world's longest outdoor covered escalator system). The Island line and South Island line run exclusively on Hong Kong Island, with the Island line serving the north shore at 17 stations, and the South Island line connecting four stations on Ap Lei Chau and in Wong Chuk Hang to the north shore at Admiralty station. Furthermore, the State Council may enforce national law in the region under specific circumstances. The island was given as a gesture of goodwill back to China at the end of the New Territories lease, to ensure continued peace and fair trading in the area.  The Closer Partnership Economic Arrangement formalised a policy of free trade between the two areas, with each jurisdiction pledging to remove remaining obstacles to trade and cross-boundary investment.  Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges. There are a total of 479 district council seats, 452 of which are directly elected.  Headline population density of about 6,800 people/km2 does not reflect true densities since only 6.9% of land is residential, the residential average population density calculates closer to a highly cramped 100,000/km2.  The whole territory was transferred to China in 1997. Rice is the staple food, and is usually served plain with other dishes. The former runs mostly parallel to the Island line between Kennedy Town and Shau Kei Wan, with a loop linking Causeway Bay and Happy Valley; the latter is a funicular linking Central District to Victoria Peak. The State Council (led by the Premier of China) appoints the Chief Executive after nomination by the Election Committee, which is composed of 1,200 business, community, and government leaders.  Hong Kong Tramways covers a portion of Hong Kong Island. Mongkok and Tsim Sha Tsui are both part of Kowloon. Japanese casualties were about 600. , As the mainland liberalised its economy, Hong Kong's shipping industry faced intense competition from other Chinese ports. Anger-activated camera phones. , Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949.  Agricultural activity is 0.1% of GDP, and consists of growing premium food and flower varieties. Isogai Rensuke became the first Japanese governor of Hong Kong. Qin Shi Huang's imperial government settled Baiyue, and later Hong Kong Island was under the jurisdiction of Panyu County (番禺縣) in Nanhai County (南海郡), to the Western Jin Dynasty.  These parties have aligned themselves into three ideological groups: the pro-Beijing camp (the current government), the pro-democracy camp, and localist groups. , The Hong Kong Jockey Club, the territory's largest taxpayer, has a monopoly on gambling and provides over seven per cent of government revenue. It all began with the "bus uncle" clip, in which a bus rider was told â¦  The Communist Party does not have an official political presence in Hong Kong, and its members do not run in local elections.  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