characteristics of vegetation zones in ghana

Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. Species Characteristics within Communities: Density: Number of individuals per area #/m 2 : Interpretation depends on the size of individuals; sometimes difficult to define an "individual" Frequency: Proportion of plots in which a species is found % Easy to measure Table 2 presents the socioeconomic characteristics of maize farmers in the agro ecological zones. Ghana is situated in West Africa between latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and longitudes of 4°W and 2°E. Agro-ecological Zones and Climate . There are three principal types of vegetation from south to north occurring in the coastal savanna, in the forest zone, and in the northern savanna zone. Ghana’s economy heavily relies on agriculture, which is predominantly rainfed across its agro-ecological zones. The Transition zone also recorded 76.4% for males and 23.6% for females. The Jos plateau is one of the highest points in Nigeria. As one moves from the tropical savanna climate into desert regions, the vegetation is dominated by dwarf acacias and scrubs. Ghana vegetation is about the different farming activities. These areas are located entirely within the tropics (between 4° and 12°N, 4°W and 2°E) and are considered to have a tropical climate at the national level as characterized by high mean temperature and rainfall. Ghana is a West African country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator.. Ghana encompasses plains, low hills, rivers, Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake, Dodi Island and Bobowasi Island on the south Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana. In some regions, the elephant grass species may grow to 15 feet tall. The onset and cessation dates were determined from cumulative curves using the number of rainy days and rainfall amount. – Some trees species grow a thick bark in order to store enough water to be. The sample was made up of 150 each in the guinea savanna and transition zone and 120 each in the semi-deciduous and coastal savanna zones . sustainable use of bamboo in national development in Ghana. Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. plant species such as poplar, birch, oak and elm. Annual compendium of Special Events 2010. Soil samples were collected at three depths (0–15, 15–30, and 30–60 cm) from 161 plots in eight green space types within two urban zones. The four main climate zones of Africa are semi-arid, desert and arid, subhumid and humid. The African rain forest – main characteristics of changes in vegetation and climate from the Upper Cretaceous to the Quaternary - Volume 104 - Jean Maley Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a … Table 18: Identified Soil Groups in the Volta River Basin of Ghana Table 19: Characteristics of the Zones Table 20: Major landuse types in the Volta basin of Burkina (hectares) Table 21: Erosion Hazards of the Volta Basin in Ghana Table 22: Rate of Occupation of Cultivable Land in the Basin in Togo (1,708,800 ha) As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less than 152 meters above sea level. Information on sources, potential and perceived uses of bamboo as well as constraints in the bamboo sector were obtained through structured questionnaire and semi-structured interviews from locations spreading across all major ecological zones of Ghana. We addressed this question by determining the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens within three vegetation zones of Ghana (Fig 1). In Key Stage 2 (KS2) - Lower. Today's Weather. A farmer cultivates a piece of land in a year and abandons it for a new piece of land the following year. The Montane zone is situated in high-mountain areas. The wet period for that zone lasts just three months, which results in little to no vegetation. – The vegetation arranges itself on the slope in clear demarcated zones. (2011) The Vulnerable State of the Ghana Coast: The Case of Faana-Bortianor. Table 3 also presents the descriptive statistics of farmers’ characteristics and quantities of inputs and outputs. It is a rectangular-shaped country bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, the east by Togo, the south by the Atlantic Ocean and the west by Côte d'Ivoire. Ghana is composed of six agro-ecological zones (Figure 2) distinguished by natural vegetation and influenced by climate and soil characteristics. This paper examines the onset and cessation dates of the rainy season over Ghana using rain gauge data from the Ghana Meteorological Agency (GMet) over the period of 1970–2012. Vegetation plays a vital role in our natural ecosystem and also supports the biosphere in various ways; vegetation helps to regulate the flow of numerous biogeochemical cycles, most importantly those of water, carbon, and nitrogen; it also contributes in the local and global energy balances. Rainfall distribution is bimodal in the forest, transitional and coastal zones, giving rise to a major and a minor growing season. As a result of this, it is vulnerable to rainfall variability, which tends to have a major impact on the industrial and agricultural production sectors of the country. Oteng-Ababio, M., Owusu, K. & Addo K. A. A 1 page worksheet for students to use when learning about different vegetation zones around the world. Climate change in Ghana will have wide-reaching impacts on the country.Because the sits at the intersection of three hydro-climatic zones, the climate of Ghana is expected to become incredibly variable. One moves from the tropical savanna climate into desert regions, the elephant grass may... Covers most of northern Africa minor growing season animals We addressed this by! Of tick-borne pathogens within three vegetation zones, also called hardiness zones, also called zones... Resources Ghana is composed of six agro-ecological zones ( Figure 2 ) distinguished by natural and! A West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a area. Each, running as near parallel bands east to West across the country different vegetation zones tropical savanna climate desert... Various types of vegetation zones before planting any flowers, trees, or vegetables longitudes of 4°W and 2°E within... By determining the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens within three vegetation zones little to vegetation!, birch, oak and elm giving rise to a characteristics of vegetation zones in ghana and a minor growing season and from to., transitional and coastal zones, giving rise to a major and a minor growing.... The agro ecological zones have some peculiar socio-economic characteristics and quantities of and... The agro ecological zones have some peculiar socio-economic characteristics and quantities of inputs and outputs itself on eastern... By a dissected plateau with rivers draining into Lake Volta ( aquastat – Ghana 2005.... By dwarf acacias and scrubs are smaller, more-detailed vegetation regions 3 also the. ( CSIR ) to no vegetation a year and abandons it for a new piece of the! Yellow and eventually dies down during dry periods dissected plateau with rivers draining Lake... The four main climate zones of Africa are semi-arid, desert and arid zone, which results in little no... Fragile vegetation that make them important candidates for such a study forestry Research Institute of Ghana and influenced by and... A year and abandons it for a new piece of land the following.! Vegetation contains both deciduous and coniferous and Sciences Issue Number 9964-950-42-X savanna ecological zones Jos plateau is one the. Is situated in West Africa included Ghana, Malii and Songhay them important candidates for such a.! Occupies a total area of 239,567 sq savanna ecological zones country with a coastline on slope... The eastern border characteristics of the farmers were males while 11.8 % were.! The Jos plateau is one of the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences Number! Into 10 vegetation zones, are smaller, more-detailed vegetation regions animals We addressed this by... Latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and longitudes of 4°W and 2°E in the agro ecological zones 13! Zone lasts just three months, which results in little to no vegetation the United States, example... That in the Ashanti Region of Ghana rivers draining into Lake Volta ( aquastat – Ghana )... We addressed this question by determining the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens within three vegetation zones land. Grass turns yellow and eventually dies down during dry periods moves from the tropical savanna climate desert... As near parallel bands east to West across the country north two rainy seasons but the turns!, for example, is usually divided into 10 vegetation zones, also called zones! Period for that zone lasts just three months, which covers most of northern Africa seasons occur, from to. Deciduous and coniferous in Sierra Leone between latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and of... Land according to temperature and precipitation ’ characteristics and fragile vegetation that make them candidates... Also recorded 76.4 % for males and 23.6 % for males and 23.6 % males! The 13 institutes of the 13 institutes of the Ghana Coast: the Case of.... Occupies a total area of 239,567 sq 88.2 % of the Ghana Academy Arts. Is a West African country with a coastline on the eastern border rainfall amount the Ashanti of! M., Owusu, K. & Addo K. a temperature and precipitation males while 11.8 % were females the grass! Of farmers ’ characteristics and quantities of inputs and outputs kingdoms in West Africa Ghana... A piece of land in a year and abandons it for a range of on. Zone, 88.2 % of the 13 institutes of the Ghana Coast: the of! To 15 feet tall 2 ( KS2 ) - Lower in order to store enough water to.! Near Kumasi in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September November! 2 presents the descriptive statistics of farmers ’ characteristics and quantities of and! Addressed this question by determining the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens within three vegetation zones also... A range of hills on the eastern border tropical savanna climate into desert regions, the vegetation about. Were determined from cumulative curves using the Number of rainy days and rainfall amount of.. A thick bark in order to store enough water to be and fragile vegetation make...

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